国际中文教育中文水平等级标准:语言文字规范 Chinese Proficiency Grading Standards for International Chinese Language Educati 9787561957196 | Singapore Chinese Books | Maha Yu Yi Pte Ltd

国际中文教育中文水平等级标准:语言文字规范 Chinese Proficiency Grading Standards for International Chinese Language Educati

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sku: 9787561957196
Author: 教育部中外语言交流合作中心 Center for Language Education and Cooperation
Publication Date: 01/04/2021
Publisher: 北京语言大学出版社
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《国际中文教育中文水平等级标准》(以下简称“《标准》”)是新时代的标准,是国家语委首个面向外国中文学习者,全面描绘评价学习者中文语言技能和水平的规范标准;是国际中文教育领域学习、教学、测试与评估的重要依据;对国际中文教育教师、学生、行业学者具有重要指导意义和参考价值。《标准》可为开展国际中文教育的各类学校、机构和企事业单位提供规范性参考。《标准》由中外语言交流合作中心、语言文字信息管理司提出,由国家语言文字工作委员会语言文字标准审定委员会审定。2021年3月24日发布,2021年7月1日实施。《标准》将学习者中文水平分为“三等九级”,以音节、汉字、词汇、语法四种语言基本要素构成“四维基准”,以言语交际能力、话题任务内容和语言量化指标形成三个评价维度,以中文听、说、读、写、译作为五项语言技能,从而准确标定学习者的中文水平。《标准》主要内容包括前言、范围、术语和定义、等级描述、音节表、汉字表、词汇表和附录A(规范性)语法等级大纲8个部分。其中,等级描述部分主要从言语交际能力、话题任务内容、语言量化指标三个评价维度展开,规定了每一等级学习者听、说、读、写、译五种语言基本技能的基本表现;音节表规定了每一等级学习者应掌握的具体音节;汉字表规定了每一等级学习者应掌握的具体汉字以及手写汉字;词汇表规定了每一等级学习者应掌握的具体词语;语法等级大纲规定了每一等级学习者应掌握的具体语法点。

Chinese Proficiency Grading Standards for International Chinese Language Education (hereinafter referred to as the Standards), a national standard in the new era, is the first foreigner-oriented Chinese proficiency standard that comprehensively describes and assesses learners’ Chinese language skills and competence. It is a set of guidelines that international Chinese language learning, teaching, testing and evaluation can base on and teachers, students and experts in this field can refer to. Schools, institutions and enterprises which provide international Chinese language programs can use the Standards as a normative reference.
The Standards is co-proposed by the MOE Center for Language Education and Cooperation and the MOE Department of Language Information Administration and reviewed and finalized by the Language and Writing Standards Examination Committee of the State Language Commission. It was issued on March 24th, 2021 and will take effect as from July 1st, 2021.
The Standards classifies learners’ Chinese proficiency into “three stages and nine levels”, uses four basic elements of the Chinese language – syllables, characters, vocabulary, and grammar – to form a “four-dimensional conception” and verbal communicative competence, topic task content and quantitative linguistic indices to form three evaluation dimensions, and makes Chinese listening, speaking, reading, writing, and translation/interpretation the five language skills, to accurately determine learners’ Chinese proficiency.
The Standards is composed of 8 sections – Preface, Scope, Terms and Definitions, Grade Descriptors, List of Syllables, List of Characters, Vocabulary List, and Appendix A (normative): Syllabus of Graded Grammar. The section of Grade Descriptors evaluates learners’ performances from the three dimensions of verbal communicative competence, topic task content and quantitative linguistic indices and specifies the basic performances of learners at each level in terms of the five basic language skills. The List of Syllables, List of Characters, Vocabulary List, and Syllabus of Graded Grammar respectively specify the syllables, characters, vocabulary words, and grammar points that learners at each level should master.


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